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Research Article

Filarial Parasites Develop Faster and Reproduce Earlier in Response to Host Immune Effectors That Determine Filarial Life Expectancy

  • Simon A. Babayan mail,

    s.babayan@ed.ac.uk

    Affiliations: Centre for Immunity, Infection and Evolution, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, United Kingdom, Institute of Immunology and Infection Research, School of Biological Sciences, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, United Kingdom

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  • Andrew F. Read,

    Affiliations: Institute of Immunology and Infection Research, School of Biological Sciences, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, United Kingdom, Center for Infectious Disease Dynamics, Departments of Biology and Entomology, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania, United States of America, Fogarty International Center, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, United States of America

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  • Rachel A. Lawrence,

    Affiliation: Royal Veterinary College, University of London, London, United Kingdom

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  • Odile Bain,

    Affiliation: USM 307, Parasitologie comparée et Modèles expérimentaux, Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris, France

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  • Judith E. Allen

    Affiliations: Centre for Immunity, Infection and Evolution, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, United Kingdom, Institute of Immunology and Infection Research, School of Biological Sciences, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, United Kingdom

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  • Published: October 19, 2010
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pbio.1000525

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