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Research Article

Shellfish Dredging Pushes a Flexible Avian Top Predator out of a Marine Protected Area

  • Jan A van Gils mail,

    To whom correspondence should be addressed. E-mail: j.vangils@nioo.knaw.nl

    Affiliations: Department of Marine Ecology and Evolution, Royal Netherlands Institute for Sea Research (NIOZ), Texel, The Netherlands, Animal Ecology Group, Centre for Ecological and Evolutionary Studies, University of Groningen, Haren, The Netherlands

    ¤ Current address: Netherlands Institute of Ecology (NIOO-KNAW), Centre for Limnology, Nieuwersluis, The Netherlands, and School of Biological Sciences, University of Bristol, United Kingdom

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  • Theunis Piersma,

    Affiliations: Department of Marine Ecology and Evolution, Royal Netherlands Institute for Sea Research (NIOZ), Texel, The Netherlands, Animal Ecology Group, Centre for Ecological and Evolutionary Studies, University of Groningen, Haren, The Netherlands

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  • Anne Dekinga,

    Affiliation: Department of Marine Ecology and Evolution, Royal Netherlands Institute for Sea Research (NIOZ), Texel, The Netherlands

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  • Bernard Spaans,

    Affiliation: Department of Marine Ecology and Evolution, Royal Netherlands Institute for Sea Research (NIOZ), Texel, The Netherlands

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  • Casper Kraan

    Affiliation: Department of Marine Ecology and Evolution, Royal Netherlands Institute for Sea Research (NIOZ), Texel, The Netherlands

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  • Published: November 14, 2006
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pbio.0040376

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