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Table of Contents: April 2011

COVER

On the functionality of reef diversity.

Image Credit: Thomas Vignaud
Issue Image

Existing experimental knowledge suggests that in diverse ecosystems, given the redundancy in the ecological roles of species, the efficiency of ecosystem processes stabilizes after a certain number of species is reached, and that the functioning of such processes is not considerably impacted when few species are lost. A new field study shows evidence of the contrary. Mora et al. (e1000606) show the existence of accelerating relationships between biodiversity and ecosystem functioning in coral reefs worldwide and conclude that the functionality of the most diverse reef systems is the most impaired by the deleterious effects of human populations worldwide.

Synopses

Tuning into Places

Rachel Jones

Essay

Perspective

Book Review/Science in the Media

Cancer: The Whole Story

Steven A. Frank

Primer

Gamma Rhythms in the Brain

Xiaoxuan Jia, Adam Kohn

Research Articles

Global Human Footprint on the Linkage between Biodiversity and Ecosystem Functioning in Reef Fishes

Camilo Mora, Octavio Aburto-Oropeza, Arturo Ayala Bocos, Paula M. Ayotte, Stuart Banks, Andrew G. Bauman, Maria Beger, Sandra Bessudo, David J. Booth, Eran Brokovich, Andrew Brooks, Pascale Chabanet, Joshua E. Cinner, Jorge Cortés, Juan J. Cruz-Motta, Amilcar Cupul Magaña, Edward E. DeMartini, Graham J. Edgar, David A. Feary, Sebastian C. A. Ferse, Alan M. Friedlander, Kevin J. Gaston, Charlotte Gough, Nicholas A. J. Graham, Alison Green, Hector Guzman, Marah Hardt, Michel Kulbicki, Yves Letourneur, Andres López Pérez, Michel Loreau, Yossi Loya, Camilo Martinez, Ismael Mascareñas-Osorio, Tau Morove, Marc-Olivier Nadon, Yohei Nakamura, Gustavo Paredes, Nicholas V. C. Polunin, Morgan S. Pratchett, Héctor Reyes Bonilla, Fernando Rivera, Enric Sala, Stuart A. Sandin, German Soler, Rick Stuart-Smith, Emmanuel Tessier, Derek P. Tittensor, Mark Tupper, Paolo Usseglio, Laurent Vigliola, Laurent Wantiez, Ivor Williams, Shaun K. Wilson, Fernando A. Zapata

The “Parahippocampal Place Area” Responds Preferentially to High Spatial Frequencies in Humans and Monkeys

Reza Rajimehr, Kathryn J. Devaney, Natalia Y. Bilenko, Jeremy C. Young, Roger B. H. Tootell

Dynamic Analysis of Stochastic Transcription Cycles

Claire V. Harper, Bärbel Finkenstädt, Dan J. Woodcock, Sönke Friedrichsen, Sabrina Semprini, Louise Ashall, David G. Spiller, John J. Mullins, David A. Rand, Julian R. E. Davis, Michael R. H. White

A Cytoplasmic Complex Mediates Specific mRNA Recognition and Localization in Yeast

Marisa Müller, Roland Gerhard Heym, Andreas Mayer, Katharina Kramer, Maria Schmid, Patrick Cramer, Henning Urlaub, Ralf-Peter Jansen, Dierk Niessing

Eps8 Regulates Hair Bundle Length and Functional Maturation of Mammalian Auditory Hair Cells

Valeria Zampini, Lukas Rüttiger, Stuart L. Johnson, Christoph Franz, David N. Furness, Jörg Waldhaus, Hao Xiong, Carole M. Hackney, Matthew C. Holley, Nina Offenhauser, Pier Paolo Di Fiore, Marlies Knipper, Sergio Masetto, Walter Marcotti

Neurosteroid Dehydroepiandrosterone Interacts with Nerve Growth Factor (NGF) Receptors, Preventing Neuronal Apoptosis

Iakovos Lazaridis, Ioannis Charalampopoulos, Vassilia-Ismini Alexaki, Nicolaos Avlonitis, Iosif Pediaditakis, Paschalis Efstathopoulos, Theodora Calogeropoulou, Elias Castanas, Achille Gravanis

Mechanism of Neuroprotective Mitochondrial Remodeling by PKA/AKAP1

Ronald A. Merrill, Ruben K. Dagda, Audrey S. Dickey, J. Thomas Cribbs, Steven H. Green, Yuriy M. Usachev, Stefan Strack

Molecular Determinants and Genetic Modifiers of Aggregation and Toxicity for the ALS Disease Protein FUS/TLS

Zhihui Sun, Zamia Diaz, Xiaodong Fang, Michael P. Hart, Alessandra Chesi, James Shorter, Aaron D. Gitler

A Yeast Model of FUS/TLS-Dependent Cytotoxicity

Shulin Ju, Daniel F. Tardiff, Haesun Han, Kanneganti Divya, Quan Zhong, Lynne E. Maquat, Daryl A. Bosco, Lawrence J. Hayward, Robert H. Brown Jr., Susan Lindquist, Dagmar Ringe, Gregory A. Petsko

A Genetically Encoded Tag for Correlated Light and Electron Microscopy of Intact Cells, Tissues, and Organisms

Xiaokun Shu, Varda Lev-Ram, Thomas J. Deerinck, Yingchuan Qi, Ericka B. Ramko, Michael W. Davidson, Yishi Jin, Mark H. Ellisman, Roger Y. Tsien

A Chaperonin Subunit with Unique Structures Is Essential for Folding of a Specific Substrate

Lianwei Peng, Yoichiro Fukao, Fumiyoshi Myouga, Reiko Motohashi, Kazuo Shinozaki, Toshiharu Shikanai

Force-Velocity Measurements of a Few Growing Actin Filaments

Coraline Brangbour, Olivia du Roure, Emmanuèle Helfer, Damien Démoulin, Alexis Mazurier, Marc Fermigier, Marie-France Carlier, Jérôme Bibette, Jean Baudry

Direct Observation of the Myosin Va Recovery Stroke That Contributes to Unidirectional Stepping along Actin

Katsuyuki Shiroguchi, Harvey F. Chin, Diane E. Hannemann, Eiro Muneyuki, Enrique M. De La Cruz, Kazuhiko Kinosita Jr.