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Research Article

Protection of Sinorhizobium against Host Cysteine-Rich Antimicrobial Peptides Is Critical for Symbiosis

  • Andreas F. Haag equal contributor,

    equal contributor Contributed equally to this work with: Andreas F. Haag, Mikhail Baloban

    Affiliation: School of Medicine & Dentistry, Institute of Medical Sciences, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, United Kingdom

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  • Mikhail Baloban equal contributor,

    equal contributor Contributed equally to this work with: Andreas F. Haag, Mikhail Baloban

    Affiliation: Institut des Sciences du Végétal, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Gif-sur-Yvette, France

    X
  • Monica Sani,

    Affiliations: Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche–Istituto di Chimica del Riconoscimento Molecolare C.N.R.-I.C.R.M., Milano, Italy, KemoTech s.r.l., Pula, Italy

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  • Bernhard Kerscher,

    Affiliation: School of Medicine & Dentistry, Institute of Medical Sciences, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, United Kingdom

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  • Olivier Pierre,

    Affiliation: Interactions Biotiques et Santé Végétale, Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Université de Nice–Sophia Antipolis, Sophia-Antipolis, France

    X
  • Attila Farkas,

    Affiliation: Institute for Plant Genomics, Human Biotechnology and Bioenergy, Bay Zoltan Foundation for Applied Research, Szeged, Hungary

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  • Renato Longhi,

    Affiliation: Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche–Istituto di Chimica del Riconoscimento Molecolare C.N.R.-I.C.R.M., Milano, Italy

    X
  • Eric Boncompagni,

    Affiliation: Interactions Biotiques et Santé Végétale, Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Université de Nice–Sophia Antipolis, Sophia-Antipolis, France

    X
  • Didier Hérouart,

    Affiliation: Interactions Biotiques et Santé Végétale, Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Université de Nice–Sophia Antipolis, Sophia-Antipolis, France

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  • Sergio Dall’Angelo,

    Affiliation: School of Medical Sciences, Institute of Medical Sciences, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, United Kingdom

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  • Eva Kondorosi,

    Affiliations: Institut des Sciences du Végétal, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Gif-sur-Yvette, France, Biological Research Centre, Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Szeged, Hungary

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  • Matteo Zanda,

    Affiliations: Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche–Istituto di Chimica del Riconoscimento Molecolare C.N.R.-I.C.R.M., Milano, Italy, School of Medical Sciences, Institute of Medical Sciences, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, United Kingdom

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  • Peter Mergaert mail,

    Peter.Mergaert@isv.cnrs-gif.fr (PM); g.ferguson@abdn.ac.uk (GPF)

    Affiliation: Institut des Sciences du Végétal, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Gif-sur-Yvette, France

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  • Gail P. Ferguson mail

    Peter.Mergaert@isv.cnrs-gif.fr (PM); g.ferguson@abdn.ac.uk (GPF)

    Affiliation: School of Medicine & Dentistry, Institute of Medical Sciences, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, United Kingdom

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  • Published: October 04, 2011
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pbio.1001169

About the Authors

Andreas F. Haag, Bernhard Kerscher, Gail P. Ferguson
School of Medicine & Dentistry, Institute of Medical Sciences, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, United Kingdom
Mikhail Baloban, Eva Kondorosi, Peter Mergaert
Institut des Sciences du Végétal, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Gif-sur-Yvette, France
Monica Sani, Renato Longhi, Matteo Zanda
Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche–Istituto di Chimica del Riconoscimento Molecolare C.N.R.-I.C.R.M., Milano, Italy
Monica Sani
KemoTech s.r.l., Pula, Italy
Olivier Pierre, Eric Boncompagni, Didier Hérouart
Interactions Biotiques et Santé Végétale, Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Université de Nice–Sophia Antipolis, Sophia-Antipolis, France
Attila Farkas
Institute for Plant Genomics, Human Biotechnology and Bioenergy, Bay Zoltan Foundation for Applied Research, Szeged, Hungary
Sergio Dall’Angelo, Matteo Zanda
School of Medical Sciences, Institute of Medical Sciences, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, United Kingdom
Eva Kondorosi
Biological Research Centre, Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Szeged, Hungary

Corresponding Authors

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

The author(s) have made the following declarations about their contributions: Conceived and designed the experiments: GPF PM AFH MZ DH EK. Performed the experiments: AFH MB MS BK OP AF RL EB SDA. Analyzed the data: GPF AFH PM MZ DH EK. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: GPF PM MZ DH. Wrote the paper: GPF PM AFH.