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Research Article

Gene Gain and Loss during Evolution of Obligate Parasitism in the White Rust Pathogen of Arabidopsis thaliana

  • Eric Kemen,

    Affiliation: The Sainsbury Laboratory, Norwich Research Park, Norwich, United Kingdom

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  • Anastasia Gardiner,

    Affiliation: The Sainsbury Laboratory, Norwich Research Park, Norwich, United Kingdom

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  • Torsten Schultz-Larsen,

    Affiliation: The Sainsbury Laboratory, Norwich Research Park, Norwich, United Kingdom

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  • Ariane C. Kemen,

    Affiliation: The Sainsbury Laboratory, Norwich Research Park, Norwich, United Kingdom

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  • Alexi L. Balmuth,

    Affiliations: The Sainsbury Laboratory, Norwich Research Park, Norwich, United Kingdom, The GenePool, The University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, United Kingdom

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  • Alexandre Robert-Seilaniantz,

    Affiliation: The Sainsbury Laboratory, Norwich Research Park, Norwich, United Kingdom

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  • Kate Bailey,

    Affiliation: The Sainsbury Laboratory, Norwich Research Park, Norwich, United Kingdom

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  • Eric Holub,

    Affiliation: School of Life Sciences, University of Warwick, Wellesbourne Campus, United Kingdom

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  • David J. Studholme,

    Affiliation: School of Biosciences, University of Exeter, Exeter, United Kingdom

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  • Dan MacLean,

    Affiliation: The Sainsbury Laboratory, Norwich Research Park, Norwich, United Kingdom

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  • Jonathan D. G. Jones mail

    jonathan.jones@tsl.ac.uk

    Affiliation: The Sainsbury Laboratory, Norwich Research Park, Norwich, United Kingdom

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  • Published: July 05, 2011
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pbio.1001094

About the Authors

Eric Kemen, Anastasia Gardiner, Torsten Schultz-Larsen, Ariane C. Kemen, Alexi L. Balmuth, Alexandre Robert-Seilaniantz, Kate Bailey, Dan MacLean, Jonathan D. G. Jones
The Sainsbury Laboratory, Norwich Research Park, Norwich, United Kingdom
Alexi L. Balmuth
The GenePool, The University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, United Kingdom
Eric Holub
School of Life Sciences, University of Warwick, Wellesbourne Campus, United Kingdom
David J. Studholme
School of Biosciences, University of Exeter, Exeter, United Kingdom

Corresponding Author

Email: jonathan.jones@tsl.ac.uk

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

The author(s) have made the following declarations about their contributions: Conceived and designed the experiments: EK JDGJ. Performed the experiments: EK TSL ACK ALB ARS KB. Analyzed the data: EK AG. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: EH DJS DM. Wrote the paper: EK JDGJ. Prepared data for submission to databases and did the submission: DM.