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Research Article

Host Niches and Defensive Extended Phenotypes Structure Parasitoid Wasp Communities

  • Richard Bailey,

    Affiliations: Institute of Evolutionary Biology, School of Biology, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, United Kingdom, Department of Animal Ecology, Evolutionary Biology Centre, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden

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  • Karsten Schönrogge,

    Affiliation: Centre for Ecology and Hydrology, CEH Wallingford, Wallingford, United Kingdom

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  • James M. Cook mail,

    james.cook@reading.ac.uk

    Affiliations: Division of Biology, Imperial College London, Ascot, United Kingdom, Centre for Population Biology, Imperial College London, Silwood Park Campus, Ascot, United Kingdom, School of Biological Sciences, Whiteknights, University of Reading, Reading, United Kingdom

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  • George Melika,

    Affiliation: Systematic Parasitoid Laboratory, Vas County Plant Protection and Soil 15 Conservation Service, Köszeg, Hungary

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  • György Csóka,

    Affiliation: Hungarian Forest Research Institute, Mátrafüred Research Station, Mátrafüred, Hungary

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  • Csaba Thuróczy,

    Affiliation: Malomarok, Köszeg, Hungary

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  • Graham N. Stone

    Affiliation: Institute of Evolutionary Biology, School of Biology, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, United Kingdom

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  • Published: August 25, 2009
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pbio.1000179

About the Authors

Richard Bailey, Graham N. Stone
Institute of Evolutionary Biology, School of Biology, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, United Kingdom
Richard Bailey
Department of Animal Ecology, Evolutionary Biology Centre, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden
Karsten Schönrogge
Centre for Ecology and Hydrology, CEH Wallingford, Wallingford, United Kingdom
James M. Cook
Division of Biology, Imperial College London, Ascot, United Kingdom
James M. Cook
Centre for Population Biology, Imperial College London, Silwood Park Campus, Ascot, United Kingdom
James M. Cook
School of Biological Sciences, Whiteknights, University of Reading, Reading, United Kingdom
George Melika
Systematic Parasitoid Laboratory, Vas County Plant Protection and Soil 15 Conservation Service, Köszeg, Hungary
György Csóka
Hungarian Forest Research Institute, Mátrafüred Research Station, Mátrafüred, Hungary
Csaba Thuróczy
Malomarok, Köszeg, Hungary

Corresponding Author

Email: james.cook@reading.ac.uk

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

The author(s) have made the following declarations about their contributions: Conceived and designed the experiments: KS JMC GNS. Performed the experiments: RB GM GC CT. Analyzed the data: RB KS JMC GNS. Wrote the paper: RB KS JMC GNS.