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Research Article

RIN4 Functions with Plasma Membrane H+-ATPases to Regulate Stomatal Apertures during Pathogen Attack

  • Jun Liu,

    Affiliation: Department of Plant Pathology, University of California Davis, Davis, California, United States of America

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  • James M. Elmore,

    Affiliation: Department of Plant Pathology, University of California Davis, Davis, California, United States of America

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  • Anja T. Fuglsang,

    Affiliations: Centre for Membrane Pumps in Cells and Disease—PUMPKIN, Danish National Research Foundation, Århus and Copenhagen, Denmark, Plant Physiology and Anatomy Laboratory, Department of Plant Biology, University of Copenhagen, Frederiksberg, Denmark

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  • Michael G. Palmgren,

    Affiliations: Centre for Membrane Pumps in Cells and Disease—PUMPKIN, Danish National Research Foundation, Århus and Copenhagen, Denmark, Plant Physiology and Anatomy Laboratory, Department of Plant Biology, University of Copenhagen, Frederiksberg, Denmark

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  • Brian J. Staskawicz,

    Affiliation: Department of Plant and Microbial Biology, University of California Berkeley, Berkeley, California, United States of America

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  • Gitta Coaker mail

    glcoaker@ucdavis.edu

    Affiliation: Department of Plant Pathology, University of California Davis, Davis, California, United States of America

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  • Published: June 30, 2009
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pbio.1000139

About the Authors

Jun Liu, James M. Elmore, Gitta Coaker
Department of Plant Pathology, University of California Davis, Davis, California, United States of America
Anja T. Fuglsang, Michael G. Palmgren
Centre for Membrane Pumps in Cells and Disease—PUMPKIN, Danish National Research Foundation, Århus and Copenhagen, Denmark
Anja T. Fuglsang, Michael G. Palmgren
Plant Physiology and Anatomy Laboratory, Department of Plant Biology, University of Copenhagen, Frederiksberg, Denmark
Brian J. Staskawicz
Department of Plant and Microbial Biology, University of California Berkeley, Berkeley, California, United States of America

Corresponding Author

Email: glcoaker@ucdavis.edu

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

The author(s) have made the following declarations about their contributions: Conceived and designed the experiments: JL MGP BJS GC. Performed the experiments: JL JME ATF GC. Analyzed the data: JL GC. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: BJS. Wrote the paper: JL JME ATF MGP BJS GC.