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Research Article

The Evolution of Quorum Sensing in Bacterial Biofilms

  • Carey D Nadell equal contributor mail,

    equal contributor Contributed equally to this work with: Carey D Nadell, Joao B Xavier

    To whom correspondence should be addressed. E-mail: cnadell@princeton.edu (CDN); kfoster@cgr.harvard.edu (KRF)

    Affiliation: Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey, United States of America

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  • Joao B Xavier equal contributor,

    equal contributor Contributed equally to this work with: Carey D Nadell, Joao B Xavier

    Affiliation: Center for Systems Biology, Harvard University, Bauer Laboratory, Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States of America

    X
  • Simon A Levin,

    Affiliation: Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey, United States of America

    X
  • Kevin R Foster mail

    To whom correspondence should be addressed. E-mail: cnadell@princeton.edu (CDN); kfoster@cgr.harvard.edu (KRF)

    Affiliation: Center for Systems Biology, Harvard University, Bauer Laboratory, Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States of America

    X
  • Published: January 29, 2008
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pbio.0060014

About the Authors

Carey D Nadell, Simon A Levin
Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey, United States of America
Joao B Xavier, Kevin R Foster
Center for Systems Biology, Harvard University, Bauer Laboratory, Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States of America

Corresponding Authors

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

CDN, JBX, and KRF designed simulations. CDN and JBX performed simulations. CDN, JBX, and KRF analyzed data. JBX contributed analytical tools. CDN, JBX, SAL, and KRF wrote the paper.