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Research Article

Shellfish Dredging Pushes a Flexible Avian Top Predator out of a Marine Protected Area

  • Jan A van Gils mail,

    To whom correspondence should be addressed. E-mail: j.vangils@nioo.knaw.nl

    Affiliations: Department of Marine Ecology and Evolution, Royal Netherlands Institute for Sea Research (NIOZ), Texel, The Netherlands, Animal Ecology Group, Centre for Ecological and Evolutionary Studies, University of Groningen, Haren, The Netherlands

    ¤ Current address: Netherlands Institute of Ecology (NIOO-KNAW), Centre for Limnology, Nieuwersluis, The Netherlands, and School of Biological Sciences, University of Bristol, United Kingdom

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  • Theunis Piersma,

    Affiliations: Department of Marine Ecology and Evolution, Royal Netherlands Institute for Sea Research (NIOZ), Texel, The Netherlands, Animal Ecology Group, Centre for Ecological and Evolutionary Studies, University of Groningen, Haren, The Netherlands

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  • Anne Dekinga,

    Affiliation: Department of Marine Ecology and Evolution, Royal Netherlands Institute for Sea Research (NIOZ), Texel, The Netherlands

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  • Bernard Spaans,

    Affiliation: Department of Marine Ecology and Evolution, Royal Netherlands Institute for Sea Research (NIOZ), Texel, The Netherlands

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  • Casper Kraan

    Affiliation: Department of Marine Ecology and Evolution, Royal Netherlands Institute for Sea Research (NIOZ), Texel, The Netherlands

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  • Published: November 14, 2006
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pbio.0040376

About the Authors

Jan A van Gils, Theunis Piersma, Anne Dekinga, Bernard Spaans, Casper Kraan
Department of Marine Ecology and Evolution, Royal Netherlands Institute for Sea Research (NIOZ), Texel, The Netherlands
Jan A van Gils, Theunis Piersma
Animal Ecology Group, Centre for Ecological and Evolutionary Studies, University of Groningen, Haren, The Netherlands

Corresponding Author

Email: j.vangils@nioo.knaw.nl

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

JvG, TP, AD, BS, and CK conceived and designed the experiments. JvG, TP, AD, BS, and CK performed the experiments. JvG and BS analyzed the data. JvG and TP wrote the paper.