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Research Article

Echolocating Bats Use a Nearly Time-Optimal Strategy to Intercept Prey

  • Kaushik Ghose mail,

    To whom correspondence should be addressed. E-mail: kaushik.ghose@gmail.com

    Affiliations: Neuroscience and Cognitive Science Program, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland, United States of America, Department of Psychology, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland, United States of America

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  • Timothy K Horiuchi,

    Affiliations: Neuroscience and Cognitive Science Program, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland, United States of America, Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland, United States of America, Institute for Systems Research, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland, United States of America

    X
  • P. S Krishnaprasad,

    Affiliations: Neuroscience and Cognitive Science Program, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland, United States of America, Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland, United States of America, Institute for Systems Research, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland, United States of America

    X
  • Cynthia F Moss

    Affiliations: Neuroscience and Cognitive Science Program, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland, United States of America, Department of Psychology, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland, United States of America, Institute for Systems Research, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland, United States of America

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  • Published: April 18, 2006
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pbio.0040108

About the Authors

Kaushik Ghose, Timothy K Horiuchi, P. S Krishnaprasad, Cynthia F Moss
Neuroscience and Cognitive Science Program, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland, United States of America
Kaushik Ghose, Cynthia F Moss
Department of Psychology, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland, United States of America
Timothy K Horiuchi, P. S Krishnaprasad
Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland, United States of America
Timothy K Horiuchi, P. S Krishnaprasad, Cynthia F Moss
Institute for Systems Research, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland, United States of America

Corresponding Author

Email: kaushik.ghose@gmail.com

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

KG and CFM designed the experiments. TKH helped KG with apparatus design. KG performed the experiments. KG performed the analysis. KG, TKH, PSK, and CFM interpreted the results in context of existing studies. PSK introduced the other authors to Hayes theorem and the missile guidance literature. KG wrote the paper with guidance from TKH, PSK, and CFM.