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Formal Comment

Formal Comment Formal Comments are critiques of specific published articles.

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The Ecological Footprint Remains a Misleading Metric of Global Sustainability

  • Linus Blomqvist mail,

    linus@thebreakthrough.org

    Affiliation: Breakthrough Institute, Oakland, California, United States of America

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  • Barry W. Brook,

    Affiliation: The Environment Institute and School of Earth and Environmental Sciences, The University of Adelaide, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia

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  • Erle C. Ellis,

    Affiliation: Department of Geography and Environmental Systems, University of Maryland Baltimore County, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America

    X
  • Peter M. Kareiva,

    Affiliation: The Nature Conservancy, Seattle, Washington, United States of America

    X
  • Ted Nordhaus,

    Affiliation: Breakthrough Institute, Oakland, California, United States of America

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  • Michael Shellenberger

    Affiliation: Breakthrough Institute, Oakland, California, United States of America

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  • Published: November 05, 2013
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pbio.1001702

About the Authors

Linus Blomqvist, Ted Nordhaus, Michael Shellenberger
Breakthrough Institute, Oakland, California, United States of America
Barry W. Brook
The Environment Institute and School of Earth and Environmental Sciences, The University of Adelaide, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia
Erle C. Ellis
Department of Geography and Environmental Systems, University of Maryland Baltimore County, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America
Peter M. Kareiva
The Nature Conservancy, Seattle, Washington, United States of America

Corresponding Author

Email: linus@thebreakthrough.org

Competing Interests

This Formal Comment is a response to Rees and Wackernagel (this issue) by the authors of the original Perspective “Does the Shoe Fit? Real versus Imagined Ecological Footprints” (this issue).

Author Contributions

The author(s) have made the following declarations about their contributions: Wrote the paper: PK LB EE BB TN MS.