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Research Article

Biotic and Human Vulnerability to Projected Changes in Ocean Biogeochemistry over the 21st Century

  • Camilo Mora mail,

    cmora@hawaii.edu

    Affiliation: Department of Geography, University of Hawaii, Honolulu, Hawaii, United States of America

    X
  • Chih-Lin Wei,

    Affiliation: Ocean Science Centre, Memorial University of Newfoundland, St. John's, Newfoundland, Canada

    X
  • Audrey Rollo,

    Affiliation: Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center, Honolulu, Hawaii, United States of America

    X
  • Teresa Amaro,

    Affiliation: Norwegian Institute for Water Research, Bergen, Norway

    X
  • Amy R. Baco,

    Affiliation: Florida State University, Tallahassee, Florida, United States of America

    X
  • David Billett,

    Affiliation: National Oceanography Centre, University of Southampton Waterfront Campus, Southampton, United Kingdom

    X
  • Laurent Bopp,

    Affiliation: Institut Pierre Simon Laplace/Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de l'Environnement, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Gif sur Yvette, France

    X
  • Qi Chen,

    Affiliation: Department of Geography, University of Hawaii, Honolulu, Hawaii, United States of America

    X
  • Mark Collier,

    Affiliation: The Centre for Australian Weather and Climate Research, Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation Marine and Atmospheric Research, Aspendale, Victoria, Australia

    X
  • Roberto Danovaro,

    Affiliation: Department of Life and Environmental Sciences, Polytechnic University of Marche, Ancona, Italy

    X
  • Andrew J. Gooday,

    Affiliation: National Oceanography Centre, University of Southampton Waterfront Campus, Southampton, United Kingdom

    X
  • Benjamin M. Grupe,

    Affiliation: Center for Marine Biodiversity and Conservation, Scripps Institution of Oceanography, La Jolla, California, United States of America

    X
  • Paul R. Halloran,

    Affiliations: Met Office Hadley Centre, Exeter, United Kingdom, College of Life and Environmental Sciences, University of Exeter, Exeter, United Kingdom

    X
  • Jeroen Ingels,

    Affiliations: Marine Biology Research Group, Biology Department, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium, Plymouth Marine Laboratory, Plymouth, United Kingdom

    X
  • Daniel O. B. Jones,

    Affiliation: National Oceanography Centre, University of Southampton Waterfront Campus, Southampton, United Kingdom

    X
  • Lisa A. Levin,

    Affiliation: Center for Marine Biodiversity and Conservation, Scripps Institution of Oceanography, La Jolla, California, United States of America

    X
  • Hideyuki Nakano,

    Affiliation: Meteorological Research Institute, Tsukuba, Japan

    X
  • Karl Norling,

    Affiliation: Norwegian Institute for Water Research, Oslo, Norway

    X
  • Eva Ramirez-Llodra,

    Affiliation: Institut de Ciències Marines, Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas, Barcelona, Spain

    X
  • Michael Rex,

    Affiliation: Department of Biology, University of Massachusetts, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America

    X
  • Henry A. Ruhl,

    Affiliation: National Oceanography Centre, University of Southampton Waterfront Campus, Southampton, United Kingdom

    X
  • Craig R. Smith,

    Affiliation: Department of Oceanography, University of Hawaii at Manoa, Hawaii, United States of America

    X
  • Andrew K. Sweetman,

    Affiliation: International Research Institute of Stavanger, Thormøhlensgate, Bergen, Norway

    X
  • Andrew R. Thurber,

    Affiliation: College of Earth, Ocean, and Atmospheric Sciences, Oregon State University, Corvallis, Oregon, United States of America

    X
  • Jerry F. Tjiputra,

    Affiliation: Uni Climate, Uni Research, Bergen, Norway

    X
  • Paolo Usseglio,

    Affiliations: Department of Biology, University of Hawaii at Manoa, Hawaii, United States of America, Centro de innovacion Fundacion In-nova Castilla La Mancha, Madrid, Spain

    X
  • Les Watling,

    Affiliation: Department of Biology, University of Hawaii at Manoa, Hawaii, United States of America

    X
  • Tongwen Wu,

    Affiliation: Beijing Climate Center, China Meteorological Administration, Beijing, China

    X
  • Moriaki Yasuhara

    Affiliation: School of Biological Sciences, Swire Institute of Marine Science, and Department of Earth Sciences, University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China

    X
  • Published: October 15, 2013
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pbio.1001682
  • Featured in PLOS Collections

About the Authors

Camilo Mora, Qi Chen
Department of Geography, University of Hawaii, Honolulu, Hawaii, United States of America
Chih-Lin Wei
Ocean Science Centre, Memorial University of Newfoundland, St. John's, Newfoundland, Canada
Audrey Rollo
Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center, Honolulu, Hawaii, United States of America
Teresa Amaro
Norwegian Institute for Water Research, Bergen, Norway
Amy R. Baco
Florida State University, Tallahassee, Florida, United States of America
David Billett, Andrew J. Gooday, Daniel O. B. Jones, Henry A. Ruhl
National Oceanography Centre, University of Southampton Waterfront Campus, Southampton, United Kingdom
Laurent Bopp
Institut Pierre Simon Laplace/Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de l'Environnement, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Gif sur Yvette, France
Mark Collier
The Centre for Australian Weather and Climate Research, Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation Marine and Atmospheric Research, Aspendale, Victoria, Australia
Roberto Danovaro
Department of Life and Environmental Sciences, Polytechnic University of Marche, Ancona, Italy
Benjamin M. Grupe, Lisa A. Levin
Center for Marine Biodiversity and Conservation, Scripps Institution of Oceanography, La Jolla, California, United States of America
Paul R. Halloran
Met Office Hadley Centre, Exeter, United Kingdom
Paul R. Halloran
College of Life and Environmental Sciences, University of Exeter, Exeter, United Kingdom
Jeroen Ingels
Marine Biology Research Group, Biology Department, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium
Jeroen Ingels
Plymouth Marine Laboratory, Plymouth, United Kingdom
Hideyuki Nakano
Meteorological Research Institute, Tsukuba, Japan
Karl Norling
Norwegian Institute for Water Research, Oslo, Norway
Eva Ramirez-Llodra
Institut de Ciències Marines, Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas, Barcelona, Spain
Michael Rex
Department of Biology, University of Massachusetts, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America
Craig R. Smith
Department of Oceanography, University of Hawaii at Manoa, Hawaii, United States of America
Andrew K. Sweetman
International Research Institute of Stavanger, Thormøhlensgate, Bergen, Norway
Andrew R. Thurber
College of Earth, Ocean, and Atmospheric Sciences, Oregon State University, Corvallis, Oregon, United States of America
Jerry F. Tjiputra
Uni Climate, Uni Research, Bergen, Norway
Paolo Usseglio, Les Watling
Department of Biology, University of Hawaii at Manoa, Hawaii, United States of America
Paolo Usseglio
Centro de innovacion Fundacion In-nova Castilla La Mancha, Madrid, Spain
Tongwen Wu
Beijing Climate Center, China Meteorological Administration, Beijing, China
Moriaki Yasuhara
School of Biological Sciences, Swire Institute of Marine Science, and Department of Earth Sciences, University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China

Corresponding Author

Email: cmora@hawaii.edu

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

The author(s) have made the following declarations about their contributions: Conceived and designed the experiments: CM CLW AR TA ARB DB LB QC MC RD AJG BMG PRH JI DOBJ LAL HN KN ERL MR HAR CRS AKS ART JFT PU LW TW MY. Performed the experiments: CM AR. Analyzed the data: CM QC CLW. Wrote the paper: CM CLW AR TA ARB DB LB QC MC RD AJG BMG PRH JI DOBJ LAL HN KN ERL MR HAR CRS AKS ART JFT PU LW TW MY.