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Research Article

Parasites Affect Food Web Structure Primarily through Increased Diversity and Complexity

  • Jennifer A. Dunne mail,

    jdunne@santafe.edu

    Affiliations: Santa Fe Institute, Santa Fe, New Mexico, United States of America, Pacific Ecoinformatics and Computational Ecology Lab, Berkeley, California, United States of America

    X
  • Kevin D. Lafferty,

    Affiliation: Western Ecological Research Center, United States Geological Survey, c/o Marine Science Institute, University of California, Santa Barbara, California, United States of America

    X
  • Andrew P. Dobson,

    Affiliation: Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey, United States of America

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  • Ryan F. Hechinger,

    Affiliation: Ecology, Evolution and Marine Biology, University of California, Santa Barbara, California, United States of America

    X
  • Armand M. Kuris,

    Affiliation: Ecology, Evolution and Marine Biology, University of California, Santa Barbara, California, United States of America

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  • Neo D. Martinez,

    Affiliation: Pacific Ecoinformatics and Computational Ecology Lab, Berkeley, California, United States of America

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  • John P. McLaughlin,

    Affiliation: Ecology, Evolution and Marine Biology, University of California, Santa Barbara, California, United States of America

    X
  • Kim N. Mouritsen,

    Affiliation: Department of Biological Sciences, Aarhus University, Aarhus, Denmark

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  • Robert Poulin,

    Affiliation: Department of Zoology, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand

    X
  • Karsten Reise,

    Affiliation: Alfred Wegener Institute for Polar and Marine Research, List, Germany

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  • Daniel B. Stouffer,

    Affiliation: Integrative Ecology Group, Estación Biológica de Doñana, Sevilla, Spain

    Current address: School of Biological Sciences, University of Canterbury, Christchurch, New Zealand

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  • David W. Thieltges,

    Affiliation: Royal Netherlands Institute for Sea Research, Den Burg, The Netherlands

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  • Richard J. Williams,

    Affiliation: Microsoft Research, Cambridge, United Kingdom

    Current address: Quid, San Francisco, California, United States of America

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  • Claus Dieter Zander

    Affiliation: Biozentrum Grindel und Zoologisches Museum, Universität Hamburg, Hamburg, Germany

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  • Published: June 11, 2013
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pbio.1001579

About the Authors

Jennifer A. Dunne
Santa Fe Institute, Santa Fe, New Mexico, United States of America
Jennifer A. Dunne, Neo D. Martinez
Pacific Ecoinformatics and Computational Ecology Lab, Berkeley, California, United States of America
Kevin D. Lafferty
Western Ecological Research Center, United States Geological Survey, c/o Marine Science Institute, University of California, Santa Barbara, California, United States of America
Andrew P. Dobson
Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey, United States of America
Ryan F. Hechinger, Armand M. Kuris, John P. McLaughlin
Ecology, Evolution and Marine Biology, University of California, Santa Barbara, California, United States of America
Kim N. Mouritsen
Department of Biological Sciences, Aarhus University, Aarhus, Denmark
Robert Poulin
Department of Zoology, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand
Karsten Reise
Alfred Wegener Institute for Polar and Marine Research, List, Germany
Daniel B. Stouffer
Integrative Ecology Group, Estación Biológica de Doñana, Sevilla, Spain
David W. Thieltges
Royal Netherlands Institute for Sea Research, Den Burg, The Netherlands
Richard J. Williams
Microsoft Research, Cambridge, United Kingdom
Claus Dieter Zander
Biozentrum Grindel und Zoologisches Museum, Universität Hamburg, Hamburg, Germany

Corresponding Author

Email: jdunne@santafe.edu

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist. Any use of trade, product or firm names in this publication is for descriptive purposes only and does not imply endorsement by the US government.

Author Contributions

The author(s) have made the following declarations about their contributions: Conceived and designed the experiments: JAD KDL NDM. Performed the experiments: JAD DBS RJW. Analyzed the data: JAD DBS. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: JAD DBS RJW. Wrote the paper: JAD KDL APD RFH NDM DBS DWT. Compiled data: KDL RFH AMK JPM KNM RP KR DWT CDZ.