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Research Article

Parallel Patterns of Increased Virulence in a Recently Emerged Wildlife Pathogen

  • Dana M. Hawley mail,

    hawleyd@vt.edu

    Affiliation: Department of Biological Sciences, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, Virginia, United States of America

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  • Erik E. Osnas,

    Affiliation: Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey, United States of America

    Current address: Patuxent Wildlife Research Center, United States Geological Survey, Laurel, Maryland, United States of America

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  • Andrew P. Dobson,

    Affiliation: Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey, United States of America

    X
  • Wesley M. Hochachka,

    Affiliation: Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York, United States of America

    X
  • David H. Ley,

    Affiliation: Department of Population Health and Pathobiology, College of Veterinary Medicine, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, North Carolina, United States of America

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  • André A. Dhondt

    Affiliation: Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York, United States of America

    X
  • Published: May 28, 2013
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pbio.1001570

About the Authors

Dana M. Hawley
Department of Biological Sciences, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, Virginia, United States of America
Erik E. Osnas, Andrew P. Dobson
Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey, United States of America
Wesley M. Hochachka, André A. Dhondt
Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York, United States of America
David H. Ley
Department of Population Health and Pathobiology, College of Veterinary Medicine, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, North Carolina, United States of America

Corresponding Author

Email: hawleyd@vt.edu

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

The author(s) have made the following declarations about their contributions: Conceived and designed the experiments: DMH EEO APD WMH DHL AAD. Performed the experiments: DMH. Analyzed the data: DMH EEO. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: DMH DHL AAD. Wrote the paper: DMH EEO APD WMH DHL AAD.