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Research Article

Convergent Evolution of Escape from Hepaciviral Antagonism in Primates

  • Maulik R. Patel,

    Affiliation: Division of Basic Sciences, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle, Washington, United States of America

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  • Yueh-Ming Loo equal contributor,

    equal contributor Contributed equally to this work with: Yueh-Ming Loo, Stacy M. Horner

    Affiliation: Department of Immunology, University of Washington School of Medicine, Seattle, Washington, United States of America

    X
  • Stacy M. Horner equal contributor,

    equal contributor Contributed equally to this work with: Yueh-Ming Loo, Stacy M. Horner

    Affiliation: Department of Immunology, University of Washington School of Medicine, Seattle, Washington, United States of America

    X
  • Michael Gale Jr,

    Affiliation: Department of Immunology, University of Washington School of Medicine, Seattle, Washington, United States of America

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  • Harmit S. Malik mail

    hsmalik@fhcrc.org

    Affiliations: Division of Basic Sciences, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle, Washington, United States of America, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle, Washington, United States of America

    X
  • Published: March 13, 2012
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pbio.1001282

About the Authors

Maulik R. Patel, Harmit S. Malik
Division of Basic Sciences, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle, Washington, United States of America
Yueh-Ming Loo, Stacy M. Horner, Michael Gale Jr
Department of Immunology, University of Washington School of Medicine, Seattle, Washington, United States of America
Harmit S. Malik
Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle, Washington, United States of America

Corresponding Author

Email: hsmalik@fhcrc.org

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

The author(s) have made the following declarations about their contributions: Conceived and designed the experiments: MRP HSM. Performed the experiments: MRP Y-ML SMH. Analyzed the data: MRP Y-ML SMH MG HSM. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: Y-ML SMH MG. Wrote the paper: MRP HSM. Edited the manuscript: MRP Y-ML SMH MG HSM.