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Research Article

A Blind Circadian Clock in Cavefish Reveals that Opsins Mediate Peripheral Clock Photoreception

  • Nicola Cavallari,

    Affiliations: Department of Biology and Evolution, University of Ferrara, Ferrara, Italy, Institute of Toxicology and Genetics, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Eggenstein, Germany

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  • Elena Frigato,

    Affiliation: Department of Biology and Evolution, University of Ferrara, Ferrara, Italy

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  • Daniela Vallone,

    Affiliation: Institute of Toxicology and Genetics, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Eggenstein, Germany

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  • Nadine Fröhlich,

    Affiliation: Institute of Toxicology and Genetics, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Eggenstein, Germany

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  • Jose Fernando Lopez-Olmeda,

    Affiliations: Institute of Toxicology and Genetics, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Eggenstein, Germany, Department of Physiology, Faculty of Biology, University of Murcia, Murcia, Spain

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  • Augusto Foà,

    Affiliation: Department of Biology and Evolution, University of Ferrara, Ferrara, Italy

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  • Roberto Berti,

    Affiliation: Department of Evolutionary Biology “Leo Pardi,” University of Firenze, Firenze, Italy

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  • Francisco Javier Sánchez-Vázquez,

    Affiliation: Department of Physiology, Faculty of Biology, University of Murcia, Murcia, Spain

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  • Cristiano Bertolucci mail,

    bru@unife.it

    Affiliation: Department of Biology and Evolution, University of Ferrara, Ferrara, Italy

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  • Nicholas S. Foulkes

    Affiliation: Institute of Toxicology and Genetics, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Eggenstein, Germany

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  • Published: September 06, 2011
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pbio.1001142

About the Authors

Nicola Cavallari, Elena Frigato, Augusto Foà, Cristiano Bertolucci
Department of Biology and Evolution, University of Ferrara, Ferrara, Italy
Nicola Cavallari, Daniela Vallone, Nadine Fröhlich, Jose Fernando Lopez-Olmeda, Nicholas S. Foulkes
Institute of Toxicology and Genetics, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Eggenstein, Germany
Jose Fernando Lopez-Olmeda, Francisco Javier Sánchez-Vázquez
Department of Physiology, Faculty of Biology, University of Murcia, Murcia, Spain
Roberto Berti
Department of Evolutionary Biology “Leo Pardi,” University of Firenze, Firenze, Italy

Corresponding Author

Email: bru@unife.it

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

The author(s) have made the following declarations about their contributions: Conceived and designed the experiments: CB NSF FJSV AF NC. Performed the experiments: NC EF DV NF JFLO RB. Analyzed the data: CB DV NC EF JFLO. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: CB NSF RB AF FJSV. Wrote the paper: NSF CB NC DV FJSV.