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Research Article

Ancient DNA from European Early Neolithic Farmers Reveals Their Near Eastern Affinities

  • Wolfgang Haak mail,

    wolfgang.haak@adelaide.edu.au

    Affiliation: Australian Centre for Ancient DNA, School of Earth and Environmental Sciences, University of Adelaide, Adelaide, Australia

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  • Oleg Balanovsky,

    Affiliation: Research Centre for Medical Genetics, Russian Academy of Medical Sciences, Moscow, Russia

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  • Juan J. Sanchez,

    Affiliation: National Institute of Toxicology and Forensic Sciences, Canary Islands Delegation, Campus de Ciencias de la Salud, La Laguna, Tenerife, Spain

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  • Sergey Koshel,

    Affiliation: Faculty of Geography, Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia

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  • Valery Zaporozhchenko,

    Affiliations: Research Centre for Medical Genetics, Russian Academy of Medical Sciences, Moscow, Russia, Research Centre for Drug Evaluation, Ministry of Public Health of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia

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  • Christina J. Adler,

    Affiliation: Australian Centre for Ancient DNA, School of Earth and Environmental Sciences, University of Adelaide, Adelaide, Australia

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  • Clio S. I. Der Sarkissian,

    Affiliation: Australian Centre for Ancient DNA, School of Earth and Environmental Sciences, University of Adelaide, Adelaide, Australia

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  • Guido Brandt,

    Affiliation: Institute for Anthropology, Johannes Gutenberg University of Mainz, Mainz, Germany

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  • Carolin Schwarz,

    Affiliation: Institute for Anthropology, Johannes Gutenberg University of Mainz, Mainz, Germany

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  • Nicole Nicklisch,

    Affiliation: Institute for Anthropology, Johannes Gutenberg University of Mainz, Mainz, Germany

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  • Veit Dresely,

    Affiliation: Landesamt für Denkmalpflege und Archaeologie und Landesmuseum für Vorgeschichte, Halle (Saale), Germany

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  • Barbara Fritsch,

    Affiliation: Landesamt für Denkmalpflege und Archaeologie und Landesmuseum für Vorgeschichte, Halle (Saale), Germany

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  • Elena Balanovska,

    Affiliation: Research Centre for Medical Genetics, Russian Academy of Medical Sciences, Moscow, Russia

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  • Richard Villems,

    Affiliation: Department of Evolutionary Biology, Institute of Molecular and Cell Biology, University of Tartu and Estonian Biocentre, Tartu, Estonia

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  • Harald Meller,

    Affiliation: Landesamt für Denkmalpflege und Archaeologie und Landesmuseum für Vorgeschichte, Halle (Saale), Germany

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  • Kurt W. Alt,

    Affiliation: Institute for Anthropology, Johannes Gutenberg University of Mainz, Mainz, Germany

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  • Alan Cooper,

    Affiliation: Australian Centre for Ancient DNA, School of Earth and Environmental Sciences, University of Adelaide, Adelaide, Australia

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  • the Genographic Consortium

    Membership for the Genographic Consortium is listed in the Acknowledgments section.

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  • Published: November 09, 2010
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pbio.1000536

About the Authors

Wolfgang Haak, Christina J. Adler, Clio S. I. Der Sarkissian, Alan Cooper
Australian Centre for Ancient DNA, School of Earth and Environmental Sciences, University of Adelaide, Adelaide, Australia
Oleg Balanovsky, Valery Zaporozhchenko, Elena Balanovska
Research Centre for Medical Genetics, Russian Academy of Medical Sciences, Moscow, Russia
Juan J. Sanchez
National Institute of Toxicology and Forensic Sciences, Canary Islands Delegation, Campus de Ciencias de la Salud, La Laguna, Tenerife, Spain
Sergey Koshel
Faculty of Geography, Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia
Valery Zaporozhchenko
Research Centre for Drug Evaluation, Ministry of Public Health of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia
Guido Brandt, Carolin Schwarz, Nicole Nicklisch, Kurt W. Alt
Institute for Anthropology, Johannes Gutenberg University of Mainz, Mainz, Germany
Veit Dresely, Barbara Fritsch, Harald Meller
Landesamt für Denkmalpflege und Archaeologie und Landesmuseum für Vorgeschichte, Halle (Saale), Germany
Richard Villems
Department of Evolutionary Biology, Institute of Molecular and Cell Biology, University of Tartu and Estonian Biocentre, Tartu, Estonia

Corresponding Author

Email: wolfgang.haak@adelaide.edu.au

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

The author(s) have made the following declarations about their contributions: Conceived and designed the experiments: WH OB JJS KWA AC. Performed the experiments: WH OB CJA. Analyzed the data: WH OB SK CJA CSIDS CS NN. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: WH JJS SK VZ GB VD BF EB RV HM KWA. Wrote the paper: WH OB JJS CJA BF AC.