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Research Article

A Predominantly Neolithic Origin for European Paternal Lineages

  • Patricia Balaresque,

    Affiliation: Department of Genetics, University of Leicester, Leicester, United Kingdom

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  • Georgina R. Bowden,

    Affiliation: Department of Genetics, University of Leicester, Leicester, United Kingdom

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  • Susan M. Adams,

    Affiliation: Department of Genetics, University of Leicester, Leicester, United Kingdom

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  • Ho-Yee Leung,

    Affiliation: Department of Genetics, University of Leicester, Leicester, United Kingdom

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  • Turi E. King,

    Affiliation: Department of Genetics, University of Leicester, Leicester, United Kingdom

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  • Zoë H. Rosser,

    Affiliation: Department of Genetics, University of Leicester, Leicester, United Kingdom

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  • Jane Goodwin,

    Affiliation: Ty Celyn, Maeshafod, Blaina, Gwent, United Kingdom

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  • Jean-Paul Moisan,

    Affiliation: Laboratoire d'Etude du Polymorphisme de l'ADN, Faculté de Médecine, Nantes, France

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  • Christelle Richard,

    Affiliation: Laboratoire d'Etude du Polymorphisme de l'ADN, Faculté de Médecine, Nantes, France

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  • Ann Millward,

    Affiliation: Molecular Medicine Research Group, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, Plymouth, United Kingdom

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  • Andrew G. Demaine,

    Affiliation: Molecular Medicine Research Group, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, Plymouth, United Kingdom

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  • Guido Barbujani,

    Affiliation: Dipartimento di Biologia ed Evoluzione, Università di Ferrara, Ferrara, Italy

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  • Carlo Previderè,

    Affiliation: Dipartimento di Medicina Legale e Sanità Pubblica, Università di Pavia, Pavia, Italy

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  • Ian J. Wilson,

    Affiliation: Institute of Human Genetics, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne, United Kingdom

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  • Chris Tyler-Smith,

    Affiliation: The Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute, Wellcome Trust Genome Campus, Hinxton, United Kingdom

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  • Mark A. Jobling mail

    maj4@le.ac.uk

    Affiliation: Department of Genetics, University of Leicester, Leicester, United Kingdom

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  • Published: January 19, 2010
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pbio.1000285

About the Authors

Patricia Balaresque, Georgina R. Bowden, Susan M. Adams, Ho-Yee Leung, Turi E. King, Zoë H. Rosser, Mark A. Jobling
Department of Genetics, University of Leicester, Leicester, United Kingdom
Jane Goodwin
Ty Celyn, Maeshafod, Blaina, Gwent, United Kingdom
Jean-Paul Moisan, Christelle Richard
Laboratoire d'Etude du Polymorphisme de l'ADN, Faculté de Médecine, Nantes, France
Ann Millward, Andrew G. Demaine
Molecular Medicine Research Group, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, Plymouth, United Kingdom
Guido Barbujani
Dipartimento di Biologia ed Evoluzione, Università di Ferrara, Ferrara, Italy
Carlo Previderè
Dipartimento di Medicina Legale e Sanità Pubblica, Università di Pavia, Pavia, Italy
Ian J. Wilson
Institute of Human Genetics, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne, United Kingdom
Chris Tyler-Smith
The Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute, Wellcome Trust Genome Campus, Hinxton, United Kingdom

Corresponding Author

Email: maj4@le.ac.uk

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

The author(s) have made the following declarations about their contributions: Conceived and designed the experiments: CTS MAJ. Performed the experiments: PB GB SA HYL ZHR. Analyzed the data: PB IJW MAJ. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: TEK ZHR JG JPM AM AGD GB CP. Wrote the paper: PB CTS MAJ.