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Research Article

Phenotypic Mismatches Reveal Escape from Arms-Race Coevolution

  • Charles T Hanifin mail,

    To whom correspondence should be addressed. E-mail: charlesh@stanford.edu

    Affiliation: Department of Biology, Utah State University, Logan, Utah, United States of America

    ¤ Current address: Hopkins Marine Station, Stanford University, Pacific Grove, California, United States of America

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  • Edmund D Brodie Jr.,

    Affiliation: Department of Biology, Utah State University, Logan, Utah, United States of America

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  • Edmund D Brodie III

    Affiliation: Department of Biology, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia, United States of America

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  • Published: March 11, 2008
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pbio.0060060

About the Authors

Charles T Hanifin, Edmund D Brodie Jr.
Department of Biology, Utah State University, Logan, Utah, United States of America
Edmund D Brodie III
Department of Biology, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia, United States of America

Corresponding Author

Email: charlesh@stanford.edu

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

CTH, EDB Jr., and EDB III conceived and designed the experiments, performed the experiments, analyzed the data, and wrote the paper.