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Research Article

Thermal Stress and Coral Cover as Drivers of Coral Disease Outbreaks

  • John F Bruno mail,

    To whom correspondence should be addressed. E-mail: jbruno@unc.edu

    Affiliation: Department of Marine Sciences, The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, United States of America

    X
  • Elizabeth R Selig,

    Affiliation: Curriculum in Ecology and Department of Marine Sciences, The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, United States of America

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  • Kenneth S Casey,

    Affiliation: National Oceanographic Data Center, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Silver Spring, Maryland, United States of America

    X
  • Cathie A Page,

    Affiliation: Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence in Coral Reef Studies, School of Marine and Tropical Biology, James Cook University, Townsville, Queensland, Australia

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  • Bette L Willis,

    Affiliation: Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence in Coral Reef Studies, School of Marine and Tropical Biology, James Cook University, Townsville, Queensland, Australia

    X
  • C. Drew Harvell,

    Affiliation: Section of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York, United States of America

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  • Hugh Sweatman,

    Affiliation: Australian Institute of Marine Science, Townsville, Queensland, Australia

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  • Amy M Melendy

    Affiliation: Department of Epidemiology, The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, United States of America

    X
  • Published: May 08, 2007
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pbio.0050124

About the Authors

John F Bruno
Department of Marine Sciences, The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, United States of America
Elizabeth R Selig
Curriculum in Ecology and Department of Marine Sciences, The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, United States of America
Kenneth S Casey
National Oceanographic Data Center, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Silver Spring, Maryland, United States of America
Cathie A Page, Bette L Willis
Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence in Coral Reef Studies, School of Marine and Tropical Biology, James Cook University, Townsville, Queensland, Australia
C. Drew Harvell
Section of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York, United States of America
Hugh Sweatman
Australian Institute of Marine Science, Townsville, Queensland, Australia
Amy M Melendy
Department of Epidemiology, The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, United States of America

Corresponding Author

Email: jbruno@unc.edu

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

JFB, ERS, BLW, and CDH conceived the project. CAP and HS collected the disease and coral cover data. JFB, ERS, and KSC developed the temperature anomaly database. AMM analyzed the data with assistance from JFB. JFB, ERS, and AMM wrote the paper with assistance from KSC, CAP, BLW, and CDH.