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Research Article

Strict Host-Symbiont Cospeciation and Reductive Genome Evolution in Insect Gut Bacteria

  • Takahiro Hosokawa,

    Affiliations: Institute for Biological Resources and Functions, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST), Tsukuba, Japan, Department of Systems Sciences, University of Tokyo, Meguro, Tokyo, Japan

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  • Yoshitomo Kikuchi,

    Affiliations: Institute for Biological Resources and Functions, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST), Tsukuba, Japan, Department of Molecular and Cell Biology, University of Connecticut, Storrs, Connecticut, United States of America

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  • Naruo Nikoh,

    Affiliation: Division of Natural Sciences, University of the Air, Chiba, Japan

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  • Masakazu Shimada,

    Affiliation: Department of Systems Sciences, University of Tokyo, Meguro, Tokyo, Japan

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  • Takema Fukatsu mail

    To whom correspondence should be addressed. E-mail: t-fukatsu@aist.go.jp

    Affiliation: Institute for Biological Resources and Functions, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST), Tsukuba, Japan

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  • Published: October 10, 2006
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pbio.0040337

About the Authors

Takahiro Hosokawa, Yoshitomo Kikuchi, Takema Fukatsu
Institute for Biological Resources and Functions, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST), Tsukuba, Japan
Takahiro Hosokawa, Masakazu Shimada
Department of Systems Sciences, University of Tokyo, Meguro, Tokyo, Japan
Yoshitomo Kikuchi
Department of Molecular and Cell Biology, University of Connecticut, Storrs, Connecticut, United States of America
Naruo Nikoh
Division of Natural Sciences, University of the Air, Chiba, Japan

Corresponding Author

Email: t-fukatsu@aist.go.jp

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

TH, YK, and TF conceived and designed the experiments. TH, YK, and NN performed the experiments and analyzed the data. MS and TF contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools. TH and TF wrote the paper.