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Research Article

Ancient Host–Pathogen Associations Maintained by Specificity of Chemotaxis and Antibiosis

  • Nicole M Gerardo mail,

    To whom correspondence should be addressed. E-mail: ngerardo@email.arizona.edu

    Affiliations: Section of Integrative Biology, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas, United States of America, Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute, Balboa, Republic of Panama, Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona, United States of America

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  • Sarah R Jacobs,

    Affiliations: Section of Integrative Biology, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas, United States of America, Department of Pharmacology and Cancer Biology, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina, United States of America

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  • Cameron R Currie,

    Affiliations: Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute, Balboa, Republic of Panama, Department of Bacteriology, University of Wisconsin at Madison, Madison, Wisconsin, United States of America

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  • Ulrich G Mueller

    Affiliations: Section of Integrative Biology, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas, United States of America, Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute, Balboa, Republic of Panama

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  • Published: July 11, 2006
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pbio.0040235

About the Authors

Nicole M Gerardo, Sarah R Jacobs, Ulrich G Mueller
Section of Integrative Biology, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas, United States of America
Nicole M Gerardo, Cameron R Currie, Ulrich G Mueller
Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute, Balboa, Republic of Panama
Nicole M Gerardo
Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona, United States of America
Sarah R Jacobs
Department of Pharmacology and Cancer Biology, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina, United States of America
Cameron R Currie
Department of Bacteriology, University of Wisconsin at Madison, Madison, Wisconsin, United States of America

Corresponding Author

Email: ngerardo@email.arizona.edu

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

NMG, SRJ, and CRC conceived and designed the experiments. NMG and SRJ performed the experiments and analyzed the data. UGM contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools. NMG, SRJ, CRC, and UGM wrote the paper.