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Research Article

Is Avoiding an Aversive Outcome Rewarding? Neural Substrates of Avoidance Learning in the Human Brain

  • Hackjin Kim,

    Affiliation: Division of Humanities and Social Sciences, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California, United States of America

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  • Shinsuke Shimojo,

    Affiliation: Division of Biology, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California, United States of America

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  • John P O'Doherty mail

    To whom correspondence should be addressed. E-mail: jdoherty@hss.caltech.edu

    Affiliation: Division of Humanities and Social Sciences, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California, United States of America

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  • Published: July 04, 2006
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pbio.0040233

About the Authors

Hackjin Kim, John P O'Doherty
Division of Humanities and Social Sciences, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California, United States of America
Shinsuke Shimojo
Division of Biology, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California, United States of America

Corresponding Author

Email: jdoherty@hss.caltech.edu

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

HK, SS, and JPOD conceived and designed the experiments. HK performed the experiments. HK and JPOD analyzed the data. HK, SS, and JPOD contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools. HK and JPOD wrote the paper.