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Research Article

Invasive Plant Suppresses the Growth of Native Tree Seedlings by Disrupting Belowground Mutualisms

  • Kristina A Stinson,

    Affiliation: Harvard Forest, Harvard University, Petersham, Massachusetts, United States of America

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  • Stuart A Campbell,

    Affiliation: Department of Integrative Biology, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario, Canada

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  • Jeff R Powell,

    Affiliation: Department of Integrative Biology, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario, Canada

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  • Benjamin E Wolfe,

    Affiliation: Department of Integrative Biology, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario, Canada

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  • Ragan M Callaway,

    Affiliation: Division of Biological Sciences, University of Montana, Missoula, Montana, United States of America

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  • Giles C Thelen,

    Affiliation: Division of Biological Sciences, University of Montana, Missoula, Montana, United States of America

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  • Steven G Hallett,

    Affiliation: Department of Botany and Plant Pathology, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana, United States of America

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  • Daniel Prati,

    Affiliation: Department of Community Ecology, UFZ Centre for Environmental Research, Halle, Germany

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  • John N Klironomos mail

    To whom correspondence should be addressed. E-mail: jklirono@uoguelph.ca

    Affiliation: Department of Integrative Biology, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario, Canada

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  • Published: April 25, 2006
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pbio.0040140

About the Authors

Kristina A Stinson
Harvard Forest, Harvard University, Petersham, Massachusetts, United States of America
Stuart A Campbell, Jeff R Powell, Benjamin E Wolfe, John N Klironomos
Department of Integrative Biology, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario, Canada
Ragan M Callaway, Giles C Thelen
Division of Biological Sciences, University of Montana, Missoula, Montana, United States of America
Steven G Hallett
Department of Botany and Plant Pathology, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana, United States of America
Daniel Prati
Department of Community Ecology, UFZ Centre for Environmental Research, Halle, Germany

Corresponding Author

Email: jklirono@uoguelph.ca

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

KAS, RMC, and JNK conceived and designed the experiments. KAS and JNK performed the experiments. KAS, SAC, JRP, BEW, RMC, GCT, SGH, DP, and JNK analyzed the data. JNK contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools. All authors wrote the paper.