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Research Article

West Nile Virus Epidemics in North America Are Driven by Shifts in Mosquito Feeding Behavior

  • A. Marm Kilpatrick mail,

    To whom correspondence should be addressed. E-mail: kilpatrick@conservationmedicine.org

    Affiliation: The Consortium for Conservation Medicine, New York, New York, United States of America

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  • Laura D Kramer,

    Affiliation: Wadsworth Center, New York State Department of Health, Albany, New York, United States of America

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  • Matthew J Jones,

    Affiliation: Wadsworth Center, New York State Department of Health, Albany, New York, United States of America

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  • Peter P Marra,

    Affiliation: Smithsonian Environmental Research Center, Edgewater, Maryland, United States of America

    ¤ Current address: Smithsonian Migratory Bird Center, National Zoological Park, Washington, D. C., United States of America

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  • Peter Daszak

    Affiliation: The Consortium for Conservation Medicine, New York, New York, United States of America

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  • Published: February 28, 2006
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pbio.0040082

About the Authors

A. Marm Kilpatrick, Peter Daszak
The Consortium for Conservation Medicine, New York, New York, United States of America
Laura D Kramer, Matthew J Jones
Wadsworth Center, New York State Department of Health, Albany, New York, United States of America
Peter P Marra
Smithsonian Environmental Research Center, Edgewater, Maryland, United States of America

Corresponding Author

Email: kilpatrick@conservationmedicine.org

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

AMK, LDK, PPM, and PD conceived and designed the experiments. AMK, LDK, and MJJ performed the experiments. AMK and MJJ analyzed the data. AMK, LDK, and MJJ contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools. AMK, LDK, PPM, and PD wrote the paper.