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Research Article

Identification of Birds through DNA Barcodes

  • Paul D. N Hebert mail,

    To whom correspondence should be addressed. E-mail: phebert@uoguelph.ca

    Affiliation: Department of Zoology, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario, Canada

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  • Mark Y Stoeckle,

    Affiliation: Program for the Human Environment, Rockefeller University, New York, New York, United States of America

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  • Tyler S Zemlak,

    Affiliation: Department of Zoology, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario, Canada

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  • Charles M Francis

    Affiliation: National Wildlife Research Centre, Canadian Wildlife Service, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada

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  • Published: September 28, 2004
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pbio.0020312

About the Authors

Paul D. N Hebert, Tyler S Zemlak
Department of Zoology, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario, Canada
Mark Y Stoeckle
Program for the Human Environment, Rockefeller University, New York, New York, United States of America
Charles M Francis
National Wildlife Research Centre, Canadian Wildlife Service, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada

Corresponding Author

Email: phebert@uoguelph.ca

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no conflicts of interest exist.

Author Contributions

PDNH conceived and designed the experiments. TSZ performed the experiments. PDNH, MYS, and TSZ analyzed the data. CMF contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools. PDNH, MYS, and CMF wrote the paper.