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Research Article

Nicotine's Defensive Function in Nature

  • Anke Steppuhn,

    Affiliation: Department of Molecular Ecology, Max Planck Institute for Chemical Ecology, Jena, Germany

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  • Klaus Gase,

    Affiliation: Department of Molecular Ecology, Max Planck Institute for Chemical Ecology, Jena, Germany

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  • Bernd Krock,

    Affiliation: Department of Molecular Ecology, Max Planck Institute for Chemical Ecology, Jena, Germany

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  • Rayko Halitschke,

    Affiliation: Department of Molecular Ecology, Max Planck Institute for Chemical Ecology, Jena, Germany

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  • Ian T Baldwin mail

    To whom correspondence should be addressed. E-mail: baldwin@ice.mpg.de

    Affiliation: Department of Molecular Ecology, Max Planck Institute for Chemical Ecology, Jena, Germany

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  • Published: August 17, 2004
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pbio.0020217

About the Authors

Anke Steppuhn, Klaus Gase, Bernd Krock, Rayko Halitschke, Ian T Baldwin
Department of Molecular Ecology, Max Planck Institute for Chemical Ecology, Jena, Germany

Corresponding Author

Email: baldwin@ice.mpg.de

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no conflicts of interest exist.

Author Contributions

AS and ITB conceived and designed the experiments. AS, RH, and ITB performed the experiments. AS, BK, RH, and ITB analyzed the data. KG contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools. AS and ITB wrote the paper.