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Research Article

Migratory Sleeplessness in the White-Crowned Sparrow (Zonotrichia leucophrys gambelii)

  • Niels C Rattenborg,

    Affiliation: Department of Psychiatry, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin, United States of America

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  • Bruce H Mandt,

    Affiliation: Department of Psychiatry, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin, United States of America

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  • William H Obermeyer,

    Affiliation: Department of Psychiatry, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin, United States of America

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  • Peter J Winsauer,

    Affiliation: Department of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics, Louisiana State University, New Orleans, Louisiana, United States of America

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  • Reto Huber,

    Affiliation: Department of Psychiatry, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin, United States of America

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  • Martin Wikelski,

    Affiliation: Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey, United States of America

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  • Ruth M Benca mail

    To whom correspondence should be addressed. E-mail: rmbenca@wisc.edu

    Affiliation: Department of Psychiatry, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin, United States of America

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  • Published: July 13, 2004
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pbio.0020212

About the Authors

Niels C Rattenborg, Bruce H Mandt, William H Obermeyer, Reto Huber, Ruth M Benca
Department of Psychiatry, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin, United States of America
Peter J Winsauer
Department of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics, Louisiana State University, New Orleans, Louisiana, United States of America
Martin Wikelski
Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey, United States of America

Corresponding Author

Email: rmbenca@wisc.edu

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no conflicts of interest exist.

Author Contributions

NCR, WHO, PJW, and RMB conceived and designed the experiments. NCR and BHM performed the experiments. NCR, BHM, WHO, PJW, RH, and RMB analyzed the data. PJW, RH, and MW contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools. NCR, WHO, PJW, RH, and RMB wrote the paper.