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Research Article

No Evidence of Neandertal mtDNA Contribution to Early Modern Humans

  • David Serre,

    Affiliation: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Leipzig, Germany

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  • André Langaney,

    Affiliations: Laboratoire d'Anthropologie Biologique, Musée de l'Homme, Paris, France, Laboratoire de Génétique et Biométrie, Université de Genève, Genève, Switzerland

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  • Mario Chech,

    Affiliation: Laboratoire d'Anthropologie Biologique, Musée de l'Homme, Paris, France

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  • Maria Teschler-Nicola,

    Affiliation: Department of Anthropology, Natural History Museum, Vienna, Austria

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  • Maja Paunovic †,

    † Deceased.

    Affiliation: Institute of Quaternary Paleontology and Geology, Croatian Academy of Sciences and Arts, Zagreb, Croatia

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  • Philippe Mennecier,

    Affiliation: Laboratoire d'Anthropologie Biologique, Musée de l'Homme, Paris, France

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  • Michael Hofreiter,

    Affiliation: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Leipzig, Germany

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  • Göran Possnert,

    Affiliation: Ångström Laboratory, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden

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  • Svante Pääbo mail

    To whom correspondence should be addressed. E-mail: paabo@eva.mpg.de

    Affiliation: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Leipzig, Germany

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  • Published: March 16, 2004
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pbio.0020057

About the Authors

David Serre, Michael Hofreiter, Svante Pääbo
Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Leipzig, Germany
André Langaney, Mario Chech, Philippe Mennecier
Laboratoire d'Anthropologie Biologique, Musée de l'Homme, Paris, France
André Langaney
Laboratoire de Génétique et Biométrie, Université de Genève, Genève, Switzerland
Maria Teschler-Nicola
Department of Anthropology, Natural History Museum, Vienna, Austria
Maja Paunovic
Institute of Quaternary Paleontology and Geology, Croatian Academy of Sciences and Arts, Zagreb, Croatia
Göran Possnert
Ångström Laboratory, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden

Corresponding Author

Email: paabo@eva.mpg.de

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no conflicts of interest exist.

Author Contributions

DS and SP conceived and designed the experiments. DS, MH, and GP performed the experiments. DS, GP, and SP analyzed the data. AL, MC, MT-N, MP, and PM contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools. DS, AL, and SP wrote the paper.