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Research Article

Developmental Origin and Evolution of Bacteriocytes in the Aphid–Buchnera Symbiosis

  • Christian Braendle equal contributor,

    equal contributor Contributed equally to this work with: Christian Braendle, Toru Miura

    Affiliations: Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey, United States of America, Laboratory for Development and Evolution, University Museum of Zoology, Cambridge, United Kingdom

    ¤ Current address: Institut Jacques Monod, Paris, France.

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  • Toru Miura equal contributor,

    equal contributor Contributed equally to this work with: Christian Braendle, Toru Miura

    Affiliation: Department of Biology, Graduate School of Arts and Sciences, University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan

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  • Ryan Bickel,

    Affiliation: Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey, United States of America

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  • Alexander W Shingleton,

    Affiliation: Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey, United States of America

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  • Srinivas Kambhampati,

    Affiliation: Department of Entomology, Kansas State University, Manhattan, Kansas, United States of America

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  • David L Stern mail

    To whom correspondence should be addressed. E-mail: dstern@princeton.edu

    Affiliation: Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey, United States of America

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  • Published: October 13, 2003
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pbio.0000021

About the Authors

Christian Braendle, Ryan Bickel, Alexander W Shingleton, David L Stern
Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey, United States of America
Christian Braendle
Laboratory for Development and Evolution, University Museum of Zoology, Cambridge, United Kingdom
Toru Miura
Department of Biology, Graduate School of Arts and Sciences, University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan
Srinivas Kambhampati
Department of Entomology, Kansas State University, Manhattan, Kansas, United States of America

Corresponding Author

Email: dstern@princeton.edu

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no conflicts of interest exist.

Author Contributions

CB, TM, and DLS conceived and designed the experiments. CB, TM, RB, AWS, SK and DLS performed the experiments. CB, TM, and DLS analyzed the data. CB, TM and DLS wrote the paper.