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Research Article

DNA Analysis Indicates That Asian Elephants Are Native to Borneo and Are Therefore a High Priority for Conservation

  • Prithiviraj Fernando mail,

    To whom correspondence should be addressed. E-mail: pf133@columbia.edu

    Affiliations: Center for Environmental Research and Conservation, Columbia University, New York, New York, United States of America, Department of Ecology, Evolution, and Environmental Biology, Columbia University, New York, New York, United States of America

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  • T. N. C Vidya,

    Affiliation: Center for Ecological Sciences, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, India

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  • John Payne,

    Affiliation: World Wide Fund for Nature–Malaysia, Kota Kinabalu, Sabah, Malaysia

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  • Michael Stuewe,

    Affiliation: Asian Rhino and Elephant Action Strategy Programme, World Wildlife Fund, Washington, District of Columbia, United States of America

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  • Geoffrey Davison,

    Affiliation: World Wide Fund for Nature–Malaysia, Kota Kinabalu, Sabah, Malaysia

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  • Raymond J Alfred,

    Affiliation: World Wide Fund for Nature–Malaysia, Kota Kinabalu, Sabah, Malaysia

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  • Patrick Andau,

    Affiliation: Sabah Wildlife Department, Kota Kinabalu, Sabah, Malaysia

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  • Edwin Bosi,

    Affiliation: Sabah Wildlife Department, Kota Kinabalu, Sabah, Malaysia

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  • Annelisa Kilbourn †,

    † Deceased.

    Affiliation: Field Veterinary Program, Wildlife Conservation Society, Bronx, New York, United States of America

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  • Don J Melnick

    Affiliations: Center for Environmental Research and Conservation, Columbia University, New York, New York, United States of America, Department of Ecology, Evolution, and Environmental Biology, Columbia University, New York, New York, United States of America

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  • Published: August 18, 2003
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pbio.0000006

About the Authors

Prithiviraj Fernando, Don J Melnick
Center for Environmental Research and Conservation, Columbia University, New York, New York, United States of America
Prithiviraj Fernando, Don J Melnick
Department of Ecology, Evolution, and Environmental Biology, Columbia University, New York, New York, United States of America
T. N. C Vidya
Center for Ecological Sciences, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, India
John Payne, Geoffrey Davison, Raymond J Alfred
World Wide Fund for Nature–Malaysia, Kota Kinabalu, Sabah, Malaysia
Michael Stuewe
Asian Rhino and Elephant Action Strategy Programme, World Wildlife Fund, Washington, District of Columbia, United States of America
Patrick Andau, Edwin Bosi
Sabah Wildlife Department, Kota Kinabalu, Sabah, Malaysia
Annelisa Kilbourn
Field Veterinary Program, Wildlife Conservation Society, Bronx, New York, United States of America

Corresponding Author

Email: pf133@columbia.edu

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no conflicts of interest exist.

Author Contributions

This project is part of an ongoing multicentre collaboration on elephant conservation. All authors on this manuscript contributed substantively to the work described herein.