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Research Article

Water Stress Strengthens Mutualism Among Ants, Trees, and Scale Insects

  • Elizabeth G. Pringle mail,

    epringle@umich.edu

    Affiliations: Department of Biology, Stanford University, Stanford, California, United States of America, Michigan Society of Fellows, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, United States of America, Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, United States of America, School of Natural Resources and Environment, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, United States of America

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  • Erol Akçay,

    Affiliations: Department of Biology, Stanford University, Stanford, California, United States of America, National Institute for Mathematical and Biological Synthesis, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, Tennessee, United States of America, Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey, United States of America

    X
  • Ted K. Raab,

    Affiliation: Carnegie Institution for Science, Stanford, California, United States of America

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  • Rodolfo Dirzo,

    Affiliation: Department of Biology, Stanford University, Stanford, California, United States of America

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  • Deborah M. Gordon

    Affiliation: Department of Biology, Stanford University, Stanford, California, United States of America

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  • Published: November 05, 2013
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pbio.1001705
  • Featured in PLOS Collections

Reader Comments (1)

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PLOSable kid-friendly story now available

Posted by ckazilek on 22 Dec 2013 at 23:07 GMT

This article now has a companion K-12 teacher and student-friendly story in the Ask A Biologist PLOSable section. (http://askabiologist.asu....)

No competing interests declared.