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Research Article

Phylogeography and Genetic Ancestry of Tigers (Panthera tigris)

  • Shu-Jin Luo equal contributor,

    equal contributor Contributed equally to this work with: Shu-Jin Luo, Jae-Heup Kim, Stephen J O'Brien

    Affiliations: Laboratory of Genomic Diversity, National Cancer Institute, Frederick, Maryland, United States of America, Conservation Biology Graduate Program, University of Minnesota, St. Paul, Minnesota, United States of America

    X
  • Jae-Heup Kim equal contributor,

    equal contributor Contributed equally to this work with: Shu-Jin Luo, Jae-Heup Kim, Stephen J O'Brien

    Affiliation: Laboratory of Genomic Diversity, National Cancer Institute, Frederick, Maryland, United States of America

    ¤1 Current address: Biochip Project Team, Samsung Advanced Institute of Technology, Suwon, Korea

    X
  • Warren E Johnson,

    Affiliation: Laboratory of Genomic Diversity, National Cancer Institute, Frederick, Maryland, United States of America

    X
  • Joelle van der Walt,

    Affiliation: Laboratory of Genomic Diversity, National Cancer Institute, Frederick, Maryland, United States of America

    ¤2 Current address: Center for Human Genetics, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina, United States of America

    X
  • Janice Martenson,

    Affiliation: Laboratory of Genomic Diversity, National Cancer Institute, Frederick, Maryland, United States of America

    X
  • Naoya Yuhki,

    Affiliation: Laboratory of Genomic Diversity, National Cancer Institute, Frederick, Maryland, United States of America

    X
  • Dale G Miquelle,

    Affiliation: Wildlife Conservation Society, Russian Far East Program, Bronx, New York, United States of America

    X
  • Olga Uphyrkina,

    Affiliation: Laboratory of Genomic Diversity, National Cancer Institute, Frederick, Maryland, United States of America

    ¤3 Current address: Evolutionary Zoology and Genetics Laboratory, Institute of Biology and Soil Sciences, Vladivostok, Russia

    X
  • John M Goodrich,

    Affiliation: Wildlife Conservation Society, Hornocker Wildlife Institute, Bozeman, Montana, United States of America

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  • Howard B Quigley,

    Affiliations: Wildlife Conservation Society, Russian Far East Program, Bronx, New York, United States of America, Wildlife Conservation Society, Hornocker Wildlife Institute, Bozeman, Montana, United States of America

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  • Ronald Tilson,

    Affiliation: Minnesota Zoo, Apple Valley, Minnesota, United States of America

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  • Gerald Brady,

    Affiliation: Potter Park Zoo, Lansing, Michigan, United States of America

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  • Paolo Martelli,

    Affiliation: Singapore Zoological Gardens, Singapore

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  • Vellayan Subramaniam,

    Affiliation: Zoo Negara, Hulu Kelang, Selangor, Malaysia

    X
  • Charles McDougal,

    Affiliation: Tiger Tops, Kathmandu, Nepal

    X
  • Sun Hean,

    Affiliation: International Cooperation Office, Ministry of Agriculture Forestry and Fisheries, Phnom Penh, Cambodia

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  • Shi-Qiang Huang,

    Affiliation: Beijing Zoo, Beijing, China

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  • Wenshi Pan,

    Affiliation: College of Life Sciences, Peking University, Beijing, China

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  • Ullas K Karanth,

    Affiliation: Wildlife Conservation Society—India Program, Bangalore, Karnataka, India

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  • Melvin Sunquist,

    Affiliation: Department of Wildlife Ecology and Conservation, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida, United States of America

    X
  • James L. D Smith,

    Affiliation: Conservation Biology Graduate Program, University of Minnesota, St. Paul, Minnesota, United States of America

    X
  • Stephen J O'Brien equal contributor mail

    equal contributor Contributed equally to this work with: Shu-Jin Luo, Jae-Heup Kim, Stephen J O'Brien

    To whom correspondence should be addressed. E-mail: obrien@ncifcrf.gov

    Affiliation: Laboratory of Genomic Diversity, National Cancer Institute, Frederick, Maryland, United States of America

    X
  • Published: December 07, 2004
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pbio.0020442

Reader Comments (1)

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Extinct Species Among Us

Posted by plosbiology on 07 May 2009 at 22:14 GMT

Author: Brian Werner
Position: Executive Director/ Tiger Conservationist
Institution: Tiger Missing Link Foundation
E-mail: tiger1@tigerlink.org
Submitted Date: December 23, 2006
Published Date: December 26, 2006
This comment was originally posted as a “Reader Response” on the publication date indicated above. All Reader Responses are now available as comments.

Just an FYI-

I said that this variation in subspecies was highly possible over 11 years ago (1995) and now of course they (these experts) are proving me right. I went so far in that I told Ron Tilson that he and his conservationists do not even know what they are trying to save from extinction, that he had to first identify the tigers, all tigers; including the captive ones through genetic testing before he could successfully attempt to conserve the genetic diversity among them. I mentioned that there might be 9 or 10 subspecies or even an alleged extinct species still among us.

See http://biology.plosjourna...

Brian Werner
Tiger Link
www.tigerlink.org

Competing interests declared: My philosophy that we should be genetically typing every tiger in captivity and in the wild when feasible. To do so as too determine what value these tigers may have to conserving genetic diversity and eliminating inbreeding of tigers within a managed breeding program.

Reference my life work at www.tigerlink.org